Back on May 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy declared that a bold, fresh strategy for NASA and the country to ferry an American to the lunar surface and descent him safely by the end of the decade.
The speech of John F. Kennedy that came just a couple of weeks after the declaration of cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin as the first person to explore the outer space had a big effect on NASA and space discovery. It began the Apollo program of the agency that was a full-bore race to the lunar surface that succeeded on July 20, 1969, when the boot of astronaut Neil Armstrong touched down onto the white lunar sand.
Kennedy, of course, is not the only president who had ideas for the space program of the nation. Since the invention of NASA back in the year 1958, every leader from Eisenhower to Barrack Obama left his mark. Take a peep at how every United States of America president assisted in shaping and steering American space activities.
The president named Dwight Eisenhower, who was the Soviet Union president, launched the world’s pioneer artificial satellite called Sputnik 1 in October 1957. This critical incident stunned the United States of America and led to the Cold War space race between the two-superpower nations. They assisted in the creation of NASA back in the year 1958.
Nevertheless, Eisenhower was not carried away by the short-term goals of the space race. He considered the measured creation of unnamed, scientific projects that could result in the huge military or commercial payoffs in the end.
For instance, even before the launch of Sputnik 1, Eisenhower had endorsed a ballistic missile and scientific satellite program created as a portion of the International Geophysical Year scheme back in the year 1957 to 1958. The first successful satellite of the United States of America named Explorer 1, launched on January 31, 1958. By the year 1960, the country had sent off and retrieved a movie from a spying satellite called Discovery 14.
President John F. Kennedy efficiently charted the course of NASA for the rest of 1960, after his renowned speech on May 25, 1961, before the Congress.
The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 back in the year 1957, and cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the pioneer in space again on April 12, 1961.